Patients who experience toothache when brushing or when drinking hot or cold drinks may need a dental care called periodontal gum grafting. When gums recede, the roots of teeth become visible. This can lead to severe pain, sensitivity, and cavities since the roots don’t have protection any longer. Gum recession can lead to periodontitis and tooth damage if left untreated. Below, Dental Care Connecticut shares the types of periodontal gum grafting:
Free Gingival Grafts
Free gingival grafts procedure is normally used to thicken remaining gum tissue to avoid further gum recession. A little amount of tissue is detached from the palate (roof of the mouth) and is attached by suturing to the gum area. This stimulates the normal growth of the gums.
Pedicle grafts procedure is grafting the tissue from the gum close to the tooth needing restoration. The pedicle (flap) is partly slashed away so that one side stays attached. Then the gum is drawn up or down to cover the visible root and stitched in place. This process can only be performed in patients with sufficient gum tissue close to the teeth.
Subepithelial Connective Tissue Grafts
The connective tissue gum graft is the most common procedure mainly used for huge areas of the root exposure. A flap of skin is removed from the roof of your mouth (palate). Next, the tissue from beneath the flap (subepithelial connective tissue) is detached, and then sutured to the gum tissue around the exposed root.
Gum recession can be avoided by keeping your teeth and gums healthy and clean. Use a soft-bristled toothbrush with the proper brushing technique twice daily. Flossing washes away plaque and bacteria that stay in between your gums and teeth. Moreover, a regular visit to your dentist is beneficial. Your dentist in Connecticut can detect unusual changes in your oral health. Gum graft can then be your last resort in improving and restoring the beauty of your smile.